LOW ARCH (FLAT FEET)
Characteristics: Very flexible foot with an arch that sits low to the ground. Very little arch definition.
Potential Problems: Over-pronation, plantar fasciitis, post-tibial tendonitis, heel spurs, medial knee problems, bunions
Orthotics: Orthotics should incorporate medial rearfoot posting and arch support to keep the foot aligned and help control over-pronation.
MEDIUM ARCH FEET
Characteristics: Biomechanically efficient foot. Moderately flexible foot. Defined arch.
Potential Problems: Susceptible to common foot problems such as heel pain and metatarsalgia from repetitive stress and improper fitting footwear.
Orthotics: Orthotics should have arch support, cushioning and shock absorbing materials for comfort and foot pain prevention.
HIGH ARCH FEET
Characteristics: Very rigid foot with an arch that sits higher from the ground. Well defined arch. Excessive pressure to rearfoot and forefoot.
Potential Problems: Plantar fasciitis, heel pain syndrome, arch strain, metatarsalgia, calluses, claw toes
Orthotics: Orthotics should have proper arch support, metatarsal pads for forefoot relief, and strong cushioning properties.
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